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Gyula Kosztyó



The backdrop of this research project is the political history of Sub-Carpathia under Hungarian rule between 1939 and 1945: the minority policy of successive Hungarian governments and the effects on the complex social fabric of the society made up of Ruthenians, Hungarians and Jews Kárpátalja; the impact of the Second World War, the deportations of the Jews and the occupation of Soviet troops in 1945. My aim is to portray these events through the everyday life of its inhabitants.

What were the (political) agendas of the Hungarian government, how did they change over time and how do they compare with other minority policies pursued in Northern Transylvania and in Vojvodina? What was the structure and underlying ideas of the newly instituted civil administration, who filled the key positions and how did they formulate the central policies  on the ground? 

The research intends to investigate the refugee and Jewish question and their bearing on local economy and trade as well as the interaction between Church and the Sub-Carpathian government.

I lay special emphasis on the portrayal of the anti-Jewish legislations and their effects on the Jewish and general population. I research the deportation of the nearly 100.000 Jews from Sub-Carpathia and its upshots on the economy, trade and health care.

My research also focuses on the Soviet occupation, the deportations and accompanying social change that it had brought with it.

I rely mainly on primary archival documents, diaries and contemporaneous newspaper articles.

entangled traumas:  the social history of sub-carpathia
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